The District Balrampur – Ramanujganj is located in the northern part of Chhattisgarh state in central India. It was carved out of the erstwhile Surguja district and came into existence on 17th January, 2012. The district shares its boundaries with the states of Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, and Madhya Pradesh and is spread out over a total land area of about 60.16 lakh hectares. The hilly and thickly forested terrains of the Satpuda hill ranges cover a large part of the district. Paddy and maize are the primary crops grown by farmers, while groundnut, wheat and gram are also grown in some irrigated parts of the district
Balrampur is a part of the Northern Hills agro – climatic region of Chhattisgarh. The climate of the district is characterized by a hot summer and well distributed rainfall (average 125 cm) during the monsoon season. The district has a total population of 7,30,491 individuals with a sex ratio of 973 females per thousand males. It is a tribal dominated district with almost 63% of the population comprising of Scheduled Tribes while Scheduled Castes comprise of just 4.5% of the total population. Pahadi Korwas, Gonds, Khairwars, Kanwars and Pandos are the major tribal groups residing in the district.
The culture and traditions followed by the people is vastly influenced by tribal beliefs and practices. Karma and Chherta are the major tribal festivals celebrated with Hindu festivals like Diwali, Holi and Sankranti celebrated by a large majority of the population. Tatapani, Dipadih, Bacchraj Kunwar are the main tourist attractions. Agriculture is the primary occupation of a large majority of the working population while animal rearing is the most common secondary occupation